“Arlington National Cemetery”

By: Maria Jose Nosti Basarte

On my trip to Washington I was asked to make three reports over the places I liked the most. The third place I enjoyed the most was the Arlington National Cemetery.

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Purpose:

Arlington National Cemetery, a place where American soldiers who fought for their nation, are buried. The function of this place is to keep on burring all of those soldiers who are leaving their lives behind for the nation. Indeed veterans from all nations war are buried there. There are about 25 to 28 funerals a day. While these multiple funerals are going on, the flags all over the cemetery are flown at a half-staff from a half hour before the first funeral, until half hour of the last one. Ceremonies go on five days a week excluding weekends. On each ceremony it is said that 7 soldiers shoot 3 times to the air at the same time, which gives us the total of 21 gun shoots to honor the soldier resting in peace.

Construction and details:
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Furthermore, it has a 200 acres ground and as I said it has about 300,000 soldiers buried and they all have a stone with there name printed and necessary information. By the other side, each soldier or family decide the material to build the stone, unless the family or soldier would decide to buy a bigger stone. Though it is important to mention that the soldier doesn’t pay any cent to be buried there, instead the government pays for everything, funeral, stone, etc. About all the stones located on the cemetery are white and at the same level. However there is a tomb of the unknown standing atop p a hill overlooking Washington, D.C. It is a white Marvel box that has flat-faced form and is relieved at the corners along the sides by columns set in the surface. On top of one of the sides there are three Greek figures representing Peace, Victory, and Valor. This memorial represents all those soldiers that fought, but never where known. Four unknowns were exhumed by the World War I, Two unknowns from the World War II one from the European Theater and one from the Pacific Theater, four unknown from the Korean war and one Vietnam unknown.

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Opinion:

Meanwhile a guard that changes every hour secures this tomb. These guard moves from left to right and shown respect to those unknown. The guard has the right to shoot anyone that interrupts the ceremony. Moreover, the Arlington national Cemetery is huge and has more space for all of those who will keep on fighting. It is sayed that when the construction is complete there will be nine courts with the total of 60,000 inches, a capacity for 100,000.When I first arrived at this place, it caught my attention the huge space it had and how they maintain the grass always green. I found interesting the way people take everything really curiously as it should be. I learned that only soldiers can be buried there, indeed I did know that there was a tomb of the unknown and that the Kennedys are buried there. I was surprised to find out that there are a guard guarding 24/7,the tomb of the unknowns. I think this place deserves a lot of respect and silence to the soldiers resting in peace. As they say “ For almost four million people who visit annually, Arlington National Cemetery represents many different things. For some, it is a chance to walk among headstones that chronicle American history; for many, it is an opportunity to remember and honor the nations war heroes; and for others, it is a place to say a last farewell during funeral services for a family member or friend.

Bibliography:

Maria Solbes
Arlington Cemetery

Introducion: For many people when they hear about the Arlington Cemetery it may mean many different things. For some can mean only walking and seeing headstones of American citizens, for others is coming to the funeral of someone in our family, be with them and pray, as for others this place may be an opportunity to honor and for remembering all the heroes of their country. These people made a big change in American history, as an example all the soldier who fought in world war 1, world war 2, Vietnam war, Korean war, etc. all this people are considered heroes for the nation and they are honored in this cemetery
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History: Before this land became property of the government it was fist owned by George Washington Parke Custis, the grandson of Martha Washington and step son of George Washington. He dedicated his life to commemorate to our fist president. Between 1802 and 1818 he built the Arlington house in the center of his 1,100 plantation. In 1831 he inherited this land to his only daughter at the time, Mary Anna Randolph, who was married with Robert E Lee. For 30 years it became their house until after the civil war it was taken away from them, so the Arlington House and all the land became the governments in April 20, 1861. In 1864, William Chrisman, was the first person to be buried in this cemetery. Later that year the land was officially recognized as a military cemetery. All this land the government had, was going to be used to burry all the heroes of the American history all the people who made a change in the country.
In this cemetery soldiers from many wars in the US history, and also they have only 2 presidents buried in this land, who are William Howard Taft and President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. In this cemetery there is also a tomb dedicated to the Unknown soldier that has a 24 hours guard. There is a changing of the guard every hour but it is never left alone. When changing him it is something formal, serious and really extract. The soldiers that are protecting the tomb need to pass a very harsh revising test to see if they are perfectly okay to go out and be there 60 minutes in front of the headstone of their unknown heroes.

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Purpose:
This is representing all the soldiers who died but their bodies where never found, still even though they don’t know where they are doesn’t mean they should not be honored. They are 25 funeral executed a day which take a long procedure of other soldiers. They are about 220,000 Americans in the ground of this cemetery, but not only that, it is not the fact that they are here, it is the why they are, the who they are, and what they did. This cemetery is dedicated to all the ones that always showed dedication, who sacrificed their lives for what was best for their nations, for the people who fought until the end. And “Those who visit Arlington Cemetery honor those who have served their country in war and in peace and who now rest forever in their final post.”

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Opinon
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What mostly called my attention while I was here was seeing all the people that are buried in this land. It was not just seeing a bunch of tubs perfectly aligned diagonally it was what they really represented. What I found interesting was looking at how they all looked it was perfectly organized it all looked really clean, perfectly and that made me feel really happy knowing that US people really value what their soldiers do for them. Standing in the middle of many white tombs made me think of all the people that have made a change in the world all the people that have sacrificed themselves to construct what I live today, I am really thankful to that people and I am really happy that they are honored that way they deserve.



Bibliography:

Arlington Cemetery History." Washington DC Travel. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.visitingdc.com/virginia/arlington-cemetery-history.htm>.
Rosslyn, Marriott Arlington. "Arlington National Cemetery History, Arlington Cemetery, Arlington National Cemetery Facts." Online Travel Guides of Travel Destinations - Las Vegas, Caribbean, Hawaii and Machu Picchu. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/arlington-national-cemetery>.
"Arlington National Cemetery Facts." Washington, DC, Go! The Traveler's Review of the District of Columbia. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://www.washingtondc-go.com/attractions/arlington-national-cemetery-facts.html>.












Fernando Pumarejo

Arlington National Cemetery

The Arlington Cemetery is a very sacred place for all of Americans. It is a military cemetery where are most
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of the heroes of war and a couple of previous U.S. presidents were buried. In the Arlington Cemetery there are about 25 burials a day, each for a general or a very important person who has died whilst serving their country. At first, any soldier or person who has served a couple of years in the military could be buried, but now you must have a very high rank, title, badge, or have at least been in the military for 20 years minimum. It’s considered an honor to all Americans to be able to be buried here. The Americans honor the cemetery because people buried here are people who died for their country, people who actually died for something.
The Arlington Cemetery has a very unique architectural style. The field is divided into 70 sections; section 60 is dedicated to those who died either during the Iraq war or the war in Afghanistan, section 21 is dedicated to the nurses during many wars, section 27 were buried previous slaves during the civil war, etc. All of the tombstones of this cemetery are horizontally, vertically, and diagonally congruent; it is said to be designed this way as if they were soldiers marching in a straight line. In the cemetery you can also appreciate John F. Kennedy’s eternal flame (which is a flame coming out of a hole made in the ground that is produced by gas) and his brothers buried beside him.
In Arlington
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you can also see the tomb of the unknowns. The tomb of the unknowns is a tomb that puts to rest 3 unknown soldiers, one from World War I, one from World War II, and one for the Korean War. There used to be an unknown for the Vietnam War, but his body was later identified as Air Force 1st Lt. Michael J. Blassie. This is a much honored section of the cemetery and is guarded by different well trained soldiers for one hour each every day the whole 24 hours.
In this cemetery there is also the Arlington Memorial Amphitheater. Here, several ceremonies take place. It has been a host of several state funerals, Memorial Day and Veterans Day ceremonies, and Easter ceremonies as well. It was mostly built with marble imported from Vermont. The amphitheater was built under the hand of General John A. Logan in 1868 and was finished in 1921. It is built exactly above Robert E. Lee’s gardens.
Before I had any
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of what Arlington Cemetery looked like, I thought it would look like a normal, depressing cemetery, like those in Tampico. I had no clue a cemetery could look this beautiful, this sacred, and could honor greatly so many people at the very same time. In my opinion, it’s an honor to be buried in Arlington Cemetery, especially nowadays. The American patriotism and honor to the soldiers dead at war is one of the things I wish Mexico had too. Personally, I enjoyed the visit to the cemetery very much. My godfather, who is my grandmother’s brother, had the honor to be buried there after receiving a purple heart by participating in World War II. It is truly an honor to be one of the few buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Arlington National Cemetery

Arantza Rodriguez Puertos

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The Arlington National Cemetery is used as a place where the most important, brave, and honorable people, that have helped the United States, are able to get buried. Daily 25 burial ceremonies take place, but each soldier can only perform five. There is also the duty of the Unknown Soldier’s tomb happening at all moments, since many years ago. The exchange of the guard is made between one or two hours, depending on the situation. It was built in the capital, because it has become the Arlington Field of Honor for the entire country. It honors all the people that have died during war, have served in the army with an important rank, and some of their familiars that are buried with them here. It honors them for their outstanding job in helping the country in several different unique ways.
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This area was built in what used to be the house of Robert Lee that got confiscated after he lost the war. It is 612 acres big, so it is huge for its size. The headstones are made of white marble, except for a few that are made of wood. They vary in size and shape, but the government gives a small regular headstone for each person for free. The family decides if they would like to purchase a bigger one, or not. They can also choose between 39 different signs to place on top of their name on the headstone to define their religion. The government bought the land for it to be the nation’s cemetery. It is located in Arlington County in Virginia. It currently counts with 70 sections; each one has people who are similar in some way. Compared to other structures this cemetery is huge. The tomb of the Unknown Soldiers is made of Yule marble taken from Colorado. The tomb has been guarded since July 2, 1937. In June 15, 1864 the Arlington Mansion and 200 acres of land were announced as the military cemetery by Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton. He announced that this was going to be the place where all the soldiers that died in war and other specific things were to be buried. There are changes occurring daily to this cemetery, as approximately 25 burials occur per day. The government is the one in charge of keeping it clean, organized and neat. Over the years, more land has been bought in order to fit more than 300,000 people. The Arlington’s Memorial Amphitheater was dedicated in May 15, 1920. Judge Ivory Kimball dreamed of having this amphitheater, so in March 4, 1913 Congress accepted. It was built my architect Thomas Hastings. Finally it was dedicated in May 15, 1920. It is made of white stones taken from Vermont. The Arlington Cemetery is really big, and it has several different interesting places to visit.
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This is the most important cemetery to be buried in the United States. It honors all the people that have died in war, the ones who worked for many years for the army, who won special medals, and other elite people. They are honored for their courage to defend the nation, mark history, or make a change. The people that are buried here are the ones who cover special characteristics. Some important people that are buried here include two presidents of the United States: John Fitzgerald Kennedy and William Howard Taft. In the cemetery there are plenty of memorials and trees that symbolize special people that died at unfortunate events. Currently there is the 60th section is where they have buried the soldiers who have died recently in Iraq and Afghanistan. This cemetery has turned into Arlington’s Field of Honor.
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Before we visited the cemetery I knew very few facts about it, I just knew that it was a really important place for the people of the United States. As we got there I got amazed by the size of the place, it was just so big. All the white tombs lining up perfectly grabbed my attention. There were headstones everywhere I looked. I found particularly interesting the tomb of the Unknown Soldiers. While we were there, we got the opportunity to see the changing of the guard ceremony. I was really shocked by the perfection of the ceremony and by the rigidness of the soldier’s moves. I was impressed of all the concentration and training those soldiers had to have in order to do such a perfect job. I was surprised to find out that only two presidents were buried here. Being this a so honorable place, I had imagined that many presidents would be buried here, but no. When we visited this place I got a respect and serious feeling. As we walked through, I thought of how many people have come to this place to say goodbye to their love ones, and I felt really sorry for them. In my personal opinion it is really good that the United States counts with a special cemetery to honor the ones who have fought for the country with so much courage. Even though I am not a US citizen, I feel really proud of all the people that are buried here.


Bibliography:


Arlington National Cemetery. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/>.
"Historical_Information." Arlington National Cemetery. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/historical_information/index.html>.
"Visitor_Information." Arlington National Cemetery. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/visitor_information/anc_facts.html.


By: Roberto Argüello

Arlington Cemetery


Introduccion: When I went to the Washington DC trip I visited a lot of nice places. One place that I like the most was the Arlington National Cemetery. It is a peaceful place where you can relax, watch the trees, feel the breeze of the air and just be alone for a moment. It is a enormous cemetery with more than 300,000 gravesites, where you find any type of military who has loose his or her life.
What is it for: The Arlington Cemetery is to bury soldiers who had been killed in war of after. This is an honor that US government offers to the soldiers who gave their lives fighting for the nation. There are about 25 funerals a day Monday through Friday. The cemetery is at the capital because the grandson of George and Martha Washington acquired what is now the cemetery and he began the construction of the Arlington House. Then the house was owned by Robert E. Lee. When the Civil War was coming to an end, the Union soldiers buried dead soldiers outside Robert E. Lee’s house as an act of disloyalty from Lee to the Union army. Lee moved out of his house and that territory is now used as cemetery. USA honors all of the soldiers who have served the armed forces or that have been killed in active war. It also honors “The Unknown Soldiers”. The Unknown soldiers are three 3 soldiers who were found dead but no one knows who they are so they are kept in an special tomb that has a guard walking in front of it 24 hours a day.







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Where is it: The cemetery is located at Arlington County, Virginia. It is at a hill where you need to walk
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a lot to see most of the tombs. Robert E. Lee’s house was located at the highest point of the cemetery. The first ceremony at the cemetery was on May 30, 1929. The cemetery changes daily, each day about 25 gravesites are added to it so it continues to grow. All of the tombs are aligned one besides the other or diagonally, the tombs are in 70 different sections. The tombs are made out of marble and the government pays for them, except if you want to have a different type of tomb for your familiar. If not, the government pays for all of the service and you don’t pay a penny. The territory were the cemetery is, is of about 624 acres.

This cemetery honors any veteran who is retires from the armed forces, active-duty members of the armed forces, members who have decorations such as the purple heart, and the medal of honor, the wives, and children of men buried in the cemetery can be buried here as well. These persons are honored because they have all served for the US army, they have fought for USA, and some have given their lives for their country. These people buried here are role models, people who had courage, who were perseverance and alway
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s want eth best for all. An important moment that has happened here is that John F. Kennedy and most of his family is buried here.
Opinion: The Arlington National Cemetery is amazing. This place is enormous and it is full of tombs. The thing that called most my attention was that the tombs were aligned side by side perfectly. It was very interesting to see how the guard take care of the tomb of the Unknown Soldiers, it would be very hard to keep that concentrated and don’t commit a single error. The only thing I knew before getting to the actual cemetery was that only soldiers or presidents can be buried here. In the other hand, I learned more things, like that quantity of tombs there are, I now know how many funerals there are a day and I learned everything I know about the Unknown Soldiers. I got really surprised when
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I saw a map of the complete cemetery, I couldn’t believe how big it was and I only saw one small part of it. In my opinion I like the idea of having a cemetery of this kind. It is the most honorable place in the country where you can get buried. People who give their lives fighting in a war deserve such an honor like this one. While I was at the National cemetery the only bad thing that happened to me was that I got tired walking to the tomb of the Unknown Soldiers, and it was cold so I couldn’t breathe so well. This is a perfect cemetery for me, it is very clean, and the tombs are all white, the grass is green and short, there are many trees, the street is nice and you can feel comfortable while being there. This cemetery doesn’t compare with any in Mexico or the world. I enjoyed the time I was there at the cemetery and I learned a lot of new things.


"Funeral Information." Arlington National Cemetery. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/funeral_information/index.html>.


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Arlington National Cemetery

By Mercedes HF








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Tombstones

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¨For the almost four million people who visit annually, Arlington National Cemetery represents many different things. For some, it is a chance to walk among headstones that chronicle American history; for many, it is an opportunity to remember and honor the nation´s war heroes; and for others, it is a place to say a last farewell during funeral services for a family member or friend.¨ (
Arlington National Cemetery. Web. <http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/>.) This passage is in the official page for the Arlington National Cemetery, and it really does represent the role this cemetery has on the whole nation.

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The property of the Arlington National Cemetery once belonged to George Washington and his wife, Martha Washington. Afterwards, Martha Washington’s great granddaughter, Mary Anna Lee, owned this property with her husband, Robert E. Lee. Robert E. Lee was the general for the Confederacy, and after losing the Civil War, his plantation became a military cemetery.
The 624 acres of land are near the Potomac River, in Virginia. Apart from the land were about 250,000 tombstones are located, there is also the Arlington House, which was built in 1802, and designed by George Hadfield. The construction lasted 16 years, so the house was completed by 1818.
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Map

Map
Now, the Arlington House is kept on top of the hill, and all around it there are thousands of marble tombstones. Every day, about twenty five funerals take place here, remembering the people who have died serving this country. To be buried here, the person must’ve died in active duty or had certain “honors” in the military. Also, the wife and the unmarried children before reaching their twenty-first birthday have the right to be buried with the soldier. Also, there are different types of tombstones. The gravestones that are given by this cemetery are all the same size and made of white marble, but if people want to pay more, they can have a different size and color stone. No wood is allowed, except for the two wooden crosses which belong to John F. Kennedy and his brother, Robert Kennedy.
This is a very important place, because it honors so many people who were willing to give their lives for the United States. All the people who work here take their work very seriously, and give all their efforts to make matters less hard for the family members of the dead person. It is important to mention that it is a great honor to be buried here, as well as being a person visiting and knowing that this is part of your country. The respect given to the dead here is impressive; especially when people visit the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This tomb represents all the soldiers who died and were not recognized, and to show its importance, there is always a guard there. Every hour, there is the famous “ritual” or “ceremony” called the Changing of the Guard, when one guard leaves its position and another guard comes in. Of course, it is an honor to be the guard of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
In my opinion, the Arlington National Cemetery is one of the most impressive and amazing places I have been to in my life. It shows the huge amount of respect that the government has for the people who have fought for the United States, and I think that every country should have something like this. The patriotism, respect, and honor can be seen from all angles in this cemetery, and it really is an amazing sight. Just seeing all the white marble tombstones from every point makes you realize how clean and maintained the territory is. Everything is simply incredible and interesting, and I really hope it becomes a role model for other countries.
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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier



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